• Sketch Simplification

    <span lang='en' >Sketch Simplification</span><span lang='ja' >ラフスケッチの自動線画化</span>

    We present a novel technique to simplify sketch drawings based on learning a series of convolution operators. In contrast to existing approaches that require vector images as input, we allow the more general and challenging input of rough raster sketches such as those obtained from scanning pencil sketches. We convert the rough sketch into a simplified version which is then amendable for vectorization. This is all done in a fully automatic way without user intervention. Our model consists of a fully convolutional neural network which, unlike most existing convolutional neural networks, is able to process images of any dimensions and aspect ratio as input, and outputs a simplified sketch which has the same dimensions as the input image. In order to teach our model to simplify, we present a new dataset of pairs of rough and simplified sketch drawings. By leveraging convolution operators in combination with efficient use of our proposed dataset, we are able to train our sketch simplification model. Our approach naturally overcomes the limitations of existing methods, e.g., vector images as input and long computation time; and we show that meaningful simplifications can be obtained for many different test cases. Finally, we validate our results with a user study in which we greatly outperform similar approaches and establish the state of the art in sketch simplification of raster images.

  • Colorization of Black and White Images

    <span lang='en' >Colorization of Black and White Images</span><span lang='ja' >白黒画像の全自動色付け</span>

    We present a novel technique to automatically colorize grayscale images that combines both global priors and local image features. Based on Convolutional Neural Networks, our deep network features a fusion layer that allows us to elegantly merge local information dependent on small image patches with global priors computed using the entire image. The entire framework, including the global and local priors as well as the colorization model, is trained in an end-to-end fashion. Furthermore, our architecture can process images of any resolution, unlike most existing approaches based on CNN. We leverage an existing large-scale scene classification database to train our model, exploiting the class labels of the dataset to more efficiently and discriminatively learn the global priors. We validate our approach with a user study and compare against the state of the art, where we show significant improvements. Furthermore, we demonstrate our method extensively on many different types of images, including black-and-white photography from over a hundred years ago, and show realistic colorizations.

  • Fashion Style in 128 Floats

    <span lang='en' >Fashion Style in 128 Floats</span><span lang='ja' >ランキングロスと分類ロスにもとづくファッションデータの特徴抽出</span>

    In this work we present an approach for learning features from large amounts of weakly-labelled data. Our approach consists training a convolutional neural network with both a ranking and classification loss jointly. We do this by exploiting user-provided metadata of images on the web. We define a rough concept of similarity between images using this metadata, which allows us to define a ranking loss using this similarity. Combining this ranking loss with a standard classification loss, we are able to learn a compact 128 float representation of fashion style using only noisy user provided tags that outperforms standard features. Furthermore, qualitative analysis shows that our model is able to automatically learn nuances in style.

  • Deep Convolutional Feature Point Descriptors

    <span lang='en' >Deep Convolutional Feature Point Descriptors</span><span lang='ja' >Siameseネットワークモデルを用いた画像特徴量抽出</span>

    We learn compact discriminative feature point descriptors using a convolutional neural network. We directly optimize for using L2 distance by training with a pair of corresponding and non-corresponding patches correspond to small and large distances respectively using a Siamese architecture. We deal with the large number of potential pairs with the combination of a stochastic sampling of the training set and an aggressive mining strategy biased towards patches that are hard to classify. The resulting descriptor is 128 dimensions that can be used as a drop-in replacement for any task involving SIFT. We show that this descriptor generalizes well to various datasets.

  • Neuroaesthetics in Fashion

    <span lang='en' >Neuroaesthetics in Fashion</span><span lang='ja' >ファション性の推定</span>

    Being able to understand and model fashion can have a great impact in everyday life. From choosing your outfit in the morning to picking your best picture for your social network profile, we make fashion decisions on a daily basis that can have impact on our lives. As not everyone has access to a fashion expert to give advice on the current trends and what picture looks best, we have been working on developing systems that are able to automatically learn about fashion and provide useful recommendations to users. In this work we focus on building models that are able to discover and understand fashion. For this purpose we have created the Fashion144k dataset, consisting of 144,169 user posts with images and their associated metadata. We exploit the votes given to each post by different users to obtain measure of fashionability, that is, how fashionable the user and their outfit is in the image. We propose the challenging task of identifying the fashionability of the posts and present an approach that by combining many different sources of information, is not only able to predict fashionability, but it is also able to give fashion advice to the users.

  • Geodesic Finite Mixture Models

    <span lang='en' >Geodesic Finite Mixture Models</span><span lang='ja' >測地混合モデル</span>

    There are many cases in which data is found to be distributed on a Riemannian manifold. In these cases, Euclidean metrics are not applicable and one needs to resort to geodesic distances consistent with the manifold geometry. For this purpose, we draw inspiration on a variant of the expectation-maximization algorithm, that uses a minimum message length criterion to automatically estimate the optimal number of components from multivariate data lying on an Euclidean space. In order to use this approach on Riemannian manifolds, we propose a formulation in which each component is defined on a different tangent space, thus avoiding the problems associated with the loss of accuracy produced when linearizing the manifold with a single tangent space. Our approach can be applied to any type of manifold for which it is possible to estimate its tangent space.

  • Deformation and Light Invariant Descriptor

    <span lang='en' >Deformation and Light Invariant Descriptor</span><span lang='ja' >変形・照明不変の特徴量</span>

    DaLI descriptors are local image patch representations that have been shown to be robust to deformation and strong illumination changes. These descriptors are constructed by treating the image patch as a 3D surface and then simulating the diffusion of heat along the surface for different intervals of time. Small time intervals represent local deformation properties while large time intervals represent global deformation properties. Additionally, by performing a logarithmic sampling and then a Fast Fourier Transform, it is possible to obtain robustness against non-linear illumination changes. We have created the first feature point dataset that focuses on deformation and illumination changes of real world objects in order to perform evaluation, where we show the DaLI descriptors outperform all the widely used descriptors.

  • Clothes Segmentation

    <span lang='en' >Clothes Segmentation</span><span lang='ja' >衣服の領域分割</span>

    In this research we focus on the semantic segmentation of clothings from still images. This is a very complex task due to the large number of classes where intra-class variability can be larger than inter-class variability. We propose a Conditional Random Field (CRF) model that is able to leverage many different image features to obtain state-of-the-art performance on the challenging Fashionista dataset.

  • Kinematic Synthesis of Tree Topologies

    <span lang='en' >Kinematic Synthesis of Tree Topologies</span><span lang='ja' >木構造のキネマティック合成</span>

    Kinematic synthesis consists of the theoretical design of robots to comply with a given task. In this project we focus on finite point kinematic synthesis, that is, given a specific robotic topology and a task defined by spatial positions, we design a robot with that topology that complies with the task.

    Tree topologies consist of loop-free structures where there can be many end-effectors. A characteristic of these topologies is that there are many shared joints. This allows some structures that may seem redundant to not actually be redundant when considering all the end-effectors at once. The main focus of this work is the design of grippers that have topologies similar to that of the human hand, which can be seen as a tree topology.

  • Monocular Single Image 3D Human Pose Estimation

    <span lang='en' >Monocular Single Image 3D Human Pose Estimation</span><span lang='ja' >単眼画像の人間の三次元位置の推定</span>

    This line of research focuses on the estimation of the 3D pose of humans from single monocular images. This is an extremely difficult problem due to the large number of ambiguities that rise from the projection of 3D objects to the image plane. We consider image evidence derived from the usage of different detectors for the different parts of the body, which results in noisy 2D estimations where the estimation uncertainty must be compensation. In order to deal with these issues, we propose different approaches using discriminative and generative models to enforce learnt anthropomorphism constraints. We show that by exploiting prior knowledge of human kinematics it is possible to overcome these ambiguities and obtain good pose estimation performance.