Siameseネットワークモデルを効率的に学習させることで、 ロバストな画像特徴量を計算する手法を提案する。 提案手法では、モデルに2つの画像パッチを入力し、出力された特徴量の誤差によってモデルを学習させる。 また、入力するパッチをその識別の難しさによって分類し、識別が困難なパッチを優先的に学習させることで、SIFT特徴量よりもロバストな特徴量の抽出を実現した。

Spotlight Video

Approach

Siamese Network

Our approach consists in training a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) to build a feature representation of an image patch. We train by using two patches simultaneously that should either correspond to the same point and thus have similar features, or different points and thus different features. We optimize this by using a Siamese architecture, that is, we input two patches simultaneous and minimize the L2 distance between the features if they correspond to the same point and maximize the L2 distance if they correspond to different points. In order to learn efficient and discriminative representations, we propose a positive and negative mining approach which is shown to be critical for performance.

Results

Results of our approach

Dataset Split SIFT BGM L-BGM BinBoost256 VGG Ours
ND 0.349 0.487 0.495 0.549 0.663 0.667
YO 0.425 0.495 0.517 0.533 0.709 0.545
LY 0.226 0.268 0.355 0.410 0.558 0.608
All 0.370 0.440 0.508 0.550 0.693 0.756
Precision-Recall Area Under Curve values for the Brown dataset.

We train and evaluate our results on the Brown dataset1. We also provide evaluation on other datasets including the DaLI dataset and show we significantly outperform existing approaches. Furthermore, our approach computes 128 dimension vectors that can be compared directly with L2 and thus is suitable as a drop-in replacement for SIFT.

For full details and results please refer to the full paper.

論文

2015年

  • Discriminative Learning of Deep Convolutional Feature Point Descriptors

ソフトウェア

  • Deep Descriptor
  1. S. Winder, G. Hua and M. Brown. Picking the Best DAISY. In CVPR, 2009.